ISSN 1524-363X 
 LEAF-VN Newsletter
the newsletter of  the Library and Education Assistance Foundation for Vietnam
           Bản Tin LEAF-VN  
Bản tin của Hội Hỗ Trợ Thư Viện và Giáo Dục Việt Nam

Volume 2, Number 1  
Tập 2, số 1 
Summer 2000
 2000

Summer 2000
 

Editor's Note: The Vietnamese fonts in this newsletter were created using Unicode Fonts
 
 

  Contents: 
Leaf-VN Officers
President's Message 
Lien-Huong Fiedler, LEAF-VN President 
Projects Update 
Vinh-The Lam, LEAF-VN Project Director 
Secretary's Report 
Le-Huong Pham, LEAF-VN Secretary
LEAF-VN Instructional Series in Librarianship 
U.S. Federal Government Resources in Medical Librarianship Available Via the WWW 
Sharon E. Hunt, LEAF-VN Newsletter Editor
Members in the News 
LEAF-VN Webpage Enhancements  
Websites of Interest 
Editorial Information 
 
 
 LEAF-VN OFFICERS
 
Ms. Lien-Huong Fiedler,
President 
(Huyen Ton-Nu Lien-Huong)
703-406-0459 
703-288-1919 (FAX) 
lhfiedler@juno.com
Mr. Hoang Ngoc Huu,
Vice President 
408-287-3620 
hoanghuu@sbcglobal.net(home) 
Ms. Le-Huong Pham,
Secretary 
209-575-6234 
209-575-6669 (FAX) 
phaml@mjc.edu or  
phamhuong_usa@yahoo.com 
Mr. Thanh Pham,
Treasurer 
202-707-3987  
Ms. Ngoc My Guidarelli,
Project Director 
804-828-2287 
804-828-0151(FAX)
nguidare@hsc.vcu.edu(office) or 
 
Mr. Vinh-The Lam,
Project Director 
306-966-5949 
306-966-5919 (FAX)
vinhthe.lam@usask.ca(office) or 
lamvt@sk.sympatico.ca (home) 
http://library.usask.ca/~lam/index.html 
Dr. Hoang-Lan Thi Nguyen,
Fundraising Director 
 
(FAX)
nguyen@pharm.sunysb.edu(office)
Ms. Nga Nguyen,
Fundraising Director 
520-626-6125 
520-626-2922 (FAX)
nga@ahsl.arizona.edu(office)
Mr. Thach Phan,
Assistant Project Director
214-987-4703 thachphan@yahoo.com 
Ms. Sharon E. Hunt,
Newsletter Editor 
520-760-4941 
520-760-4941 (FAX) 
medlibra@yahoo.com 
 

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 President's Message
More Volunteer Staff But Not Enough Funding: A Call from the President of LEAF-VN
Lien-Huong Fiedler, LEAF-VN President
 
July 16, 2000

On June 27, 1998, Ms. Le Huong Pham and I announced the existence of LEAF-VN (The Library and Education Assistance Foundation for Vietnam) to the library community at the American Library Association (ALA) Annual Conference in Washington, D.C. We joined the ALA International Relations Committee of East Asia and the Pacific as a Round Table Member.  Two years later, our Project Director, Ms. Ngoc My Guidarelli, took the minutes for the ALA-IRC Subcommittee for the July 2000 Chicago ALA Annual Conference.  Many new faces appeared on our Board of Directors and Advisory Board.  A total of ten (10) Directors and thirty-two (32) Advisors are willing to contribute their time to our causes.  I welcome these new forces supporting Vietnamese libraries as we enter the new millennium: Dr. Thomas Mann, Ms. Helen Poe, Ms. Ngoc My Guidarelli, Dr. Nguyen Thi Hoang Lan, Ms. Maria Nguyen, Mr. Kio Kanda, Mr. Tony Goodman, and Mr. Phan Dong!
 
As the first group of Vietnamese expatriates forming a library and education organization, we have pledged to help Vietnamese librarians as we help our own family members. We have been carrying out our pledge. Our library activities and efforts culminated in March 2000 when, in consultation with library leaders in Vietnam, our directors completed a plan for library workshops for Vietnam, the LEAF-VN Seminars 2000's. A few library projects have been initiated during Mr. Pham The Khang Directorship of the Library Department, Ministry of Culture and Information, since October 1999.  To continue working with LEAF-VN, Mr. Khang, in his new post as the Director of the National Library of Vietnam since June 10, 2000, sent a sincere pledge to LEAF-VN. "It is my hope that the cooperation and assistance between your organization and the National Library would strongly be developed during my term of office as the Director".

This spirit of cooperation promises successful library developments for both groups, the library leaders in Vietnam, and their supporters abroad, members of LEAF-VN.

We have not, however, been able to gain support from the philanthropic world. The Vietnamese manuscript Bo Quy Tac Bien Muc Rut Gon Anh My of The Concise AACR2 (The Concise Anglo American Cataloging Rules, second edition) still sits at the printing shop waiting for support to be published!

It is not that the philanthropic world has ignored Vietnam!  During the last decade, Vietnam has received substantial assistance from international foundations.  Our role now is to find a better way to explain our mission. Our mission is to help the Vietnamese people to achieve excellence in education by providing assistance in development of the country library systems and services. The intangible projects such as library collection development and library training to carry out our goals have not received the willing support from funding foundations.  Give a man a fish and he can have a fish dinner. Give a man a fishing pole and he has a lifetime of fish dinners is the idea of self-help behind our intangible library projects. Library workshops and library collection development are to provide resources and new library skills for Vietnamese librarians to help themselves. Books and libraries are the keys for an educated and literate citizenry!  The Board of Directors hope the Vietnamese communities abroad as well as the philanthropic world support our good causes to help our colleagues in Vietnam serve the educational dreams of the youth of Vietnam.

Intangible as these library projects are, they have long-lasting effects and they serve two values: dignity and inclusiveness dignity through self-help and inclusion through full participation in an equal world. These values are not new. They were already expressed by one of our guests:


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  Projects Update
Vinh-The Lam
LEAF-VN Project Director
 
Translation Projects

The Concise AACR2:  The translation work has been completed for more than a year now.  The ABC Printing House is working on the layout of the master copy.  LEAF-VN President, Mrs. Lien-Huong Fiedler, has been working very hard in her fund-raising campaign to secure funding for the printing and distributing of the translation in VN.  As far, more than $2,000 US have been received from LEAF-VN directors and friends.

Dewey Decimal Classification: LEAF-VN was granted permission by OCLC Forest Press to translate and release the translation of the DDC Summaries.  These Summaries were posted on LEAF-VN Website and distributed in Vietnam by Mr. Nguyen Minh Hiep, Director of the Graduate Library, University of Natural Sciences, and by Mr. Pham The Khang, former Director of the Library Department, Ministry of Culture and Information (currently Director of the National  Library in Vietnam) at the Seminar on the DDC Translation Project in Hanoi 3-17-2000 in Hanoi.  LEAF-VN will also play an advisory role in the translation of the unabridged edition of the DDC to be carried out in Vienam in the future.

Training Projects

DDC Training at LC for LEAF-VN Members: After the DDC Seminar in Hanoi on Aug. 31-Sept. 1999, Ms. Joan Mitchell, responsible for DDC at OCLC Forest Press, suggested that some LEAF-VN members be trained by LC DDC staff.  These LEAF-VN members will act as trainers for future DDC training in Vietnam.  The training of LEAF-VN members at LC is tentatively scheduled for October 2000.

Library Training in Vietnam:  LEAF-VN is planning for some library training in Vietnam in cooperation with Dr. Pat Oyler of Simmons College.  The training program will include: Cataloging & Classification (AACR2, LCSH, Sears SH, DDC and LC Classification); Organization of Information (Bibliographic Utilities, e.g., OCLC, RLIN, OCLC/WLN, OSI, Z39.50, Metadata, Digital Libraries, etc.).  Details will be discussed with Mr. Pham The Khang, Director of Vietnam National Library, when Mrs. Lien-Huong Fiedler, LEAF-VN President, meets with him on Aug. 23-26, 2000 in Hanoi during her visit to Vietnam and also when he comes to the US for an invited visit to LC to attend the LC Bicentennial National Librarians, October 23-30.  Anh Binh, chi Ngoc My, and Dr. Oyler will be at LEAF-VN's welcome party for Mr. Khang.
 
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  Secretary's Report
Le-Huong Pham, LEAF-VN Secretary

May 22, 2000
 
To celebrate the new millennium, LEAF-VN launched its new website. Thanks go to Vice President Hoang Ngoc Huu, our webmaster, who paid all the fees (from his own pocket) for registering our LEAF-VN website on the WWW. Our new homepage was launched on December 31st, 1999, at the new site: (http://www.leaf-vn.org). Thanks are also due to the SGI (Silicon Graphics Inc), which gave LEAF-VN first home at its "cyberland" free of charge.

With all Leafers' efforts, especially the LEAF-VN Newsletter Editor, Sharon Hunt, LEAF-VN Newsletter Vol. 1, number 2 was completed with abundant professional articles linked to it. It was launched to celebrate the new millennium also.
 
The following new articles were posted on our website:

News about the LEAF-VN President's visit to Vietnam in the summer of 1998 was posted on the web via the Library Society of HCM City, and was linked to our website at this URL: http://www.hcmuns.edu.vn/GLIB0001/clb/bantin.htm. It will be reprinted with permission from the Library Society and posted on our website due to the time difference between Vietnam and USA which means that sometimes the VN URL can't be accessed.

News about the formation of the Vietnam Association for Scientific & Technological Information and Documentation  (VASTID) - Hội Thông Tin Tư Liệu Khoa Học Và Công Nghệ Việt Nam (VASTID) was received via e-mail sent by Mr. Vu Van Son, Secretary General of the VASTID (e-mail: vanson85@hotmail.com). According to Mr. Vu van Son,  "The VASTID [was] founded on the 6th April, 2000. VASTID is a social and professional organization of volunteers (personal and collective) who are working or have worked directly or indirectly in the field of economic, scientific & technological information and documentation, including S &T [Science and Technology] libraries. Its President is Mr. Nguyen Nhu Kim. The headquarters is located at 24, Ly Thuong Kiet St., Hanoi, Vietnam, Tel.: 84-4-8256203 - Fax: 84-4-8263127".

We welcome VASTID and we hope that LEAF-VN will have a good relationship with this professional organization in the future in order to achieve our goals to help and improve libraries and library education for Vietnam.

The main purpose of posting LEAF-VN information on our website is to serve Vietnamese readers not only in Vietnam but also in the world; therefore, we decided to use two common kinds of Vietnamese fonts (VNI and VPS) in HTML format.  They are also converted into PDF (Portable Document File) format due to the fact that reading the Vietnamese articles in PDF does not require any configuring of the Vietnamese fonts by the readers on the web browser to match with the Vietnamese fonts being used by the website's webmaster by using the embedding Vietnamese fonts feature of the Adobe Acrobat Program*. It is easier for the readers to read and print or download via Acrobat Reader* (*trademark of Adobe Acrobat) which is downloaded free at this website http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readermain.html).

The advantages of using PDF and instructions on how to download Acrobat Reader in the Vietnamese language were posted on the LEAF-VN homepage under the heading: "Thông Tin Về Adobe Acrobat Và Hồ Sơ Dùng Dưới Dạng PDF" [Information about Adobe Acrobat and the PDF File]. A direct link to this article was posted on the LEAF-VN homepage on the bottom right corner.
(http://www.leaf-vn.org/aReaderVPS.htm)

Recently in March, 2000 News on the Seminar of DDC translation was held in Hanoi. LEAF-VN was granted permission to reprint and to translate some articles in Vietnamese which were posted at the Library Society Bulletin's website in HCM City into the English language in order to facilitate our efforts to help the development of the Vietnamese libraries.

All members of LEAF-VN are working hard toward organizing LEAF-VN programs for seminars, fundraising, and other activities. Ms. Nga Nguyen secured some connections with American publishers while she was attending the library conference. In February, 2000, a month after launching our new website, Mr. Phan Chanh Dong (his e-mail is: dong@vny2k.com), a scholar from San Francisco, sent us his comments on our efforts to serve the library community in Vietnam. Later, after exchanging e-mails with him, he agreed to join LEAF-VN as our advisor. In April 2000, a businessperson, Ms. Maria Nguyen from San Jose who became interested in our mission and goals while reading our website decided to join LEAF-VN. Vice President Hoang Ngoc Huu and Secretary Le-Huong Pham had a long meeting with Maria to discuss about how to advertise LEAF-VN activities and attain more attention and support from the Vietnamese community in the California Bay area and how to do fundraising more effectively for LEAF-VN. Another new member for our group is Ms. Wyne (Oanh) Vu, Reference Librarian, General Reference and Non-Fiction Denver Public Library.

Welcome aboard all. LEAF-VN needs you help. We appreciate it very much.
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LEAF-VN Webpage Enhancements
Hoang Ngoc Huu, LEAF-VN Vice President

As part of keeping you informed of recent developments at LEAF-VN, we would like to introduce some exciting new enhancements to our online information. Beside our Goals & Missions listed on the "Frontpage," our intention is to make your visit to the LEAF-VN Website the best Internet experience ever.

The URL for the LEAF-VN Website has been changed to: http://www.leaf-vn.org/  We have redesigned our "Frontpage" for easier and more effective access.  We have recently added sections on LEAF-VN Projects, LEAF-VN Acitivities, and the Seminar on DDC in Vietnam.

To continue improving the LEAF-VN Webpage, we would like to hear your comments!  Send an e-mail to mrhuu@sgi.com or visit our "guestbook."

Your support is most appreciated.

 

  LEAF-VN Instructional Series in Librarianship
Introduction

This article is the first in a series of articles dealing with the practice of librarianship. LEAF-VN has developed an ambitious training program, Seminars 2000, with workshops being offered to Vietnamese librarians in Vietnam and which address a wide range of topics: descriptive cataloging, subject analysis, classification schemes (Library of Congress classification and Dewey Decimal), the MARC format, library utilities (OCLC, RLIN), information storage and retrieval, Web page design, and digital libraries. Experts in the areas mentioned above will be invited to contribute essays to the series. It is our hope that these articles will reinforce what our colleagues in Vietnam will have learnt at the seminars. They will also constitute a ready-reference file for Vietnamese librarians, accessible on the Web,  as they will be included in our LEAF newsletters which reside permanently on the World Wide Web.

Library of Congress Classification: A Brief Introduction
Ngoc My Guidarelli

During a discussion on an electronic forum reserved for catalogers, a question was asked about certain traits common to most catalogers. The answer was that they all tended to group, categorize, classify things in their daily activities. One member noted that she tended to sort her clothes according to their functions before washing them: underwear, play clothes, work clothes, sheets and towels, etc.  I, for one, am inclined to group my groceries in categories at the checkout counter: produces first, then dry goods such as pasta, cereals, canned food, and lastly, cleaners and detergents. However, according to Derek Langridge, in Approach to Classification for Students of Librarianship, =93In library classification we are concerned  with concepts rather than with the objects themselves. Meanings and definitions of words are thus of primary importance in library classification.

Among the many classification schemes in use in the United States, the Library of Congress (LC) classification is the most commonly applied one in academic  and research libraries, beside the Library of Congress. One reason for its success is the distribution of LC cataloging records to libraries through its printed cards program, and later, by magnetic tapes containing MARC  (MAchine-Readable Cataloging) records.

The Library of Congress was founded in 1800 to serve the American Congress, just as this legislative body was preparing to move from Philadelphia to the capital city Washington, D.C. The books were organized earlier on by size and accession numbers. By 1812, the library started  organizing its collections according to subject areas. There were 18, among which: sacred history, geography, law, ethics, trade and commerce, and agriculture. During the War of 1812, the British set fire to the Capitol and most of the Library of Congress=92s collection was destroyed. Former president Thomas Jefferson then offered to sell to the Library of  Congress  his own personal library of  6,487 books. Jefferson had devised a classification scheme made up of  forty-four (44) main classes  or chapters which were divided further into sub-classes (some based on geography), and grouped into three major categories: history, philosophy, and  fine arts.  By 1890, LC=92s collection had increased from 7,000 books to close to a million. Jefferson=92s classification was no longer adequate and a new scheme had to be adopted. Charles Cutter=92s Expansive Classification served as a guide to the new  order of classes while extensive changes were made to the notation. Classes were indicated by one or at most two capital letters, followed by integral numbers, not decimals as in Dewey Decimal Classification, with gaps for subdivisions, and Cutter numbers for individual books. Later on, individual schedules were developed for each class by subject specialists, based on bibliographies, treatises, comprehensive histories, and existing classification scheme.

The Library of Congress classification did not claim to organize all of human knowledge; it was designed with the sole purpose of organizing effectively the Library=92s collection.  It was not  meant to be used by other libraries beside the Library of Congress. The development of LC classification was founded on literary warrant, that is, based on what has already been published and held, and not on any abstract concept of universal knowledge. In addition, the Library serves members of Congress first and foremost,  therefore, its classification has to meet the needs of this specialized clientele. According to LaMontagne, The Classification, although universal in scope, is in its organization a special library classification.

The Library of Congress classification is now widely used thanks to the distribution of MARC records through utilities such as the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) and the Research Libraries Information Network (RLIN). The Library of Congress has therefore tried to meet the needs of users outside of Congress. Beginning in 1996, the Library has accepted proposals for new classification numbers from cooperating libraries. If approved, these numbers will become part of the regular classification scheme. The Library also been publishing Subject Cataloging Manual: Classification and Subject Cataloging Manual: Shelflisting in order to share its practices and policies with other libraries.

With the increasing popularity of the Internet, LC classification has been applied by certain sites to organize resources in cyberspace such as Cyberstacks at http://www.public.iastate.edu/~CYBERSTACKS/   http://www.public.iastate.edu/~CYBERSTACKS/  and the Scout Report Signpost at http://www.signpost.org/signpost/index.html and http://www.signpost.org/signpost/index.html.

LC classification is composed of main classes (from A to Z) that correspond to academic disciplines (psychology, biology, medicine, etc.) further subdivided by branches in each area of knowledge. The third level of subdivision indicates the form, place, time and  topical aspects. Among its guiding principles, the classification should serve a wide range of users beside members of Congress such as government agencies, scholars, businesses, be provided with sufficient room to grow since certain areas of knowledge are not yet developed, and offer an effective means to access the Library=92s resources through the classed catalogs and arrangement of books on the shelves.

The outline of the Library of Congress Classification is as follows:
 
I.  A. General Works. Polygraphy
II. B-P Humanistic Disciplines and the Social Sciences 
B-BJ    Philosophy 
BL-BX Religion 
C-F  History 
C  Auxiliary Sciences 
D  Universal and Old World 
E-F  America 
G Geography. Anthropology.  Folklore, etc. 
H-L Social Sciences 
H  General 
HA  Statistics 
HB-HJ  Economics 
HM-HX Sociology 
J Political Science 
K Law 
L Education 
M Music 
N Fine Arts 
P Language and Literature
III.  Q-V Natural Sciences and Technology 
Q  General Science 
QA  Mathematics 
QB-QE Physical Sciences 
QB   Astronomy 
QC   Physics 
QD   Chemistry 
QE   Geology 
QH-QR Biological Sciences 
QH   Natural History. General Biology. Cytology 
QK   Botany 
QL   Zoology 
QM   Human Anatomy 
QP   Physiology 
QR   Bacteriology 
R  Medicine 
S  Agriculture 
T  Technology 
U  Military Science 
V  Naval Science
IV.  Z Bibliography and Library Science
 

The Library of Congress classification scheme stands out as the most used in academic and research libraries for its precise description of the work=92s content, using main class, subdivisions and cutter number to make each call number distinctive and unique.

Langridge, Derek (1973). Approach to classification for students of librarianship. Hamden, Conn.: Linnet Books & Clive Bingley.
Chan, Lois Mai (1999). A Guide to the Library of Congress classification. Englewood, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited.
 

What is a Serial?
Arleen K. St. Aubin

Arleen K. St. Aubin is a Slavic languages cataloger/classifier at the Boston Public Library, Boston, Mass. Other past/present positions held are Project cataloger, 1991-1996, Massachusetts Newspaper Project, United States Newspaper Program and Part-time volunteer cataloger for serials collection, Calouste Gulbenkian Library, Armenian Patriarchate of Jerusalem, 1997-present.  Her e-mail is astaubin@bpl.org
 
DEFINITION: A publication in any medium that is issued in successive parts (usually bearing numerical or chronological designations) and intended to be continued indefinitely. Serials include periodicals, newspapers, annuals (reports, yearbooks, etc.); the journals, memoirs, proceedings, transactions, etc. of societies; and monographic series.
 
Catalogers need to distinguish serials from other formats easily as the serials cataloging process differs considerably from that of monographs.

CATEGORIES

The following are not serials: CHARACTERISTICS OF SERIALS

AUTHORSHIP: Contributions by more than 1 person

EDITORS/EDITORIAL BOARDS: To organize the contributions accepted for publication

TITLES: They contain words that indicate serial nature, such as annual report, yearbook, official organ, bulletin, newsletter, journal, periodical. Newspapers have certain words as part of the title, in the U.S.A.: herald, courier, globe, standard, monitor, times, index, gazette, mercury, news, etc.  A place name is often included, such as Los Angeles Times. Titles are usually brief.

FREQUENCY: Often specified as part of the title with a word indicating frequency, such as daily, monthly, annual.

SUBSCRIPTION INFORMATION: The publisher includes cost, an address, and other terms in a statement, often on the editorial page.

PRICE: On the front page or with the subscription information.

ISSN: The acronym for International Standard Serial Number, it is given on each issue. It consists of 4 digits, hyphen, 4 digits. Example: American Libraries, professional journal of the American Library Association, ISSN: 0002-9769.

NUMBERING: Each issue has numbering statements, such as, Vol. 3, no. 1 (Jan. 1955); Issue 3 (1975); Second quarter (1987); Year 2, No. 1 (Jan. 1864); Spring 1959; Sunday, February 16, 1919

LINKAGES: Word and phrases that indicate a link with another publication: continues, continued by, successor to, formed by the merger of "first title" with "second title", new series (n.s.), old series (o.s.), continued in part by, absorbed, absorbed by.

FOUNDING AND ANNIVERSARIES: Statements such as, Founded 1919; 100th anniversary issue; established 1941; the county leader since 1975; the 25th year of our publication; commemorating the 200th anniversary of the publication of Publick occurrences.
 
ADVERTISEMENTS: Space is sold to advertisers to pay costs of publication and make a profit.

PUBLIC ANNOUNCEMENTS: Births, marriages, deaths, requests for bids for contracts by government bodies, official notices of public meetings, etc.

EDITORIALS: Written by the editor or publisher on a subject of general interest to the readers.

CHANGE: Serials are subject to change at any time and in several fields: title, place of publication, publisher, editor, frequency, numbering, language of text, intended audience, subject(s), relation to other serial(s).

LATEST VERSUS SUCCESSIVE ENTRY: Since such changes occur as above and mergers with other serials may take place, provision must be made to advise users of these changes. Some changes can be handled by a note in the bibliographic record, such as publisher, editor, and language. For others, the two methods of bibliographic solution are latest and successive entry.

Utilizing this hypothetical example will illustrate the 2 methods. A newspaper began publication Jan. 2, 1950 as a weekly in Boston, Mass. entitled Fatherland. Title changed to New fatherland and then to Contemporary fatherland in this sequence:

Fatherland: 1950:1:2-1959:12:30

New fatherland: 1960:1:6-1992:2:7

Contemporary fatherland: 1992:2:14-<date>

LATEST ENTRY RECORD (Call number: AN2.M4B485)

Contemporary fatherland.

Boston, Mass. : Fatherland Publications,

v.

Vol. 43, no. 7 (Feb. 7, 1992-

Began publication with vol. 1, no. 1 (Jan. 2, 1950).

Title varies: Fatherland, Jan. 2, 1950-Dec. 30,
1959; New Fatherland, Jan. 6, 1960-Feb. 7, 1992.

I. Fatherland. II. New fatherland.
 

SUCCESSIVE ENTRY (Call number: AN2.M4B485)

Fatherland.

Boston, Mass. : Fatherland Publications,

v.

Vol.1, no. 1 (Jan. 2, 1950-v. 10, no. 52 (Dec. 30, 1959).

Continued by: New fatherland.

I. New fatherland.
 

New fatherland.

Boston, Mass. : Fatherland Publications,

v.

Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1960)-v. 43, no. 6 (Feb. 7, 1992).

Continues: Fatherland.

Continued by: Contemporary fatherland.

1. Fatherland. II. Contemporary fatherland.
 

Contemporary fatherland.

Boston, Mass. : Fatherland Publications,

v.

Vol. 43, no. 7 (Feb. 14, 1992)-

Continues: New fatherland.

I. New fatherland.

Basic differences are that latest entry, an older method, requires only one bibliographic record, with a title varies note and title added entries traced. Successive entry, the newer method, requires 3 bibliographic records, with notes for predecessor and successor titles and with title added entries traced as links. Only the immediate predecessor and successor are provided on a record. For all records, call number remains the same for collocation on shelving.

Many catalogers prefer to avoid all the problems caused by the kinds of changes inherent in serials. Some librarians use a minimal or core level style of bibliographic record. Most libraries do not catalog newspapers at all. Those that do catalog them usually do not assign call numbers. There are only a very few libraries that both catalog newspapers and assign call numbers to them.

For hundreds of years, serials have been published and available only in print format. In the 1930s serials began to be microfilmed after publication in print format as a means of wider dissemination and to preserve them for future use. Digitization is now being utilized as well. Some serials are now available in both print and electronic formats. The most recent development is the e-serial, which is published in electronic format only.

Whether in print, electronic, microform, or digital format, serials are a valuable resource that will concern libraries and librarians, especially catalogers, well into the 21st century.
 
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  U.S. Federal Government Resources in Medical Librarianship
Available Via the WWW
Sharon E. Hunt, LEAF-VN Newsletter Editor
 
The U.S. government, through its medical agencies and departments, offers a wealth of valuable medical information available to all via the WorldWideWeb. This information is free and reliable. Individuals from around the world can research nearly any medical topic using a computer connected to the Internet. A description of some of their Websites follows.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
The CDC Website includes fact sheets on disease prevention and health information on a variety of disorders/diseases; health data standards, scientific data, surveillance, and health statistics reports; press releases and current news items; and a section on travelers' health which contains information on protecting yourself from disease when traveling and alerts about disease outbreaks throughout the world.

Clinical Trials.gov
The U.S. National Institutes of Health, in collaboration with all NIH Institutes and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide current information about clinical research studies. This site contains information on federal and private medical studies involving patients and others at thousands of locations nationwide.

healthfinder
healthfinderợ is a free gateway to reliable consumer health and human services information developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.  It offers links to selected online publications, clearinghouses, databases, websites, and support and self-help groups, as well as to the government agencies and not-for-profit organizations that produce reliable information for the public.

MEDLINEplus
MEDLINEplus, from the National Library of Medicine (NLM) at the National Institutes of Health, offers access to quality health care information on the WWW. Links are provided to health sciences/medical libraries, government publications, hospitals, dictionaries, directories, and organizations. Also available at this site is the full-text of  the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), a guide to more than 9,000 prescription and over-the-counter medications, and a medical encyclopedia.  MEDLINEplus also offers selected links to information on specific medical topics and access to MEDLINE, the National Library of Medicine's database of references to more than 11 million articles  published in 4300 biomedical journals. Other databases you can search from this Website include CANCERLIT (cancer information), LOCATORplus (NLM's catalog of journal, book and audiovisual collections), HSTAT ( full-text health care guidelines, assessments, and consumer guides), and AIDSLINE (references to AIDS literature).

National Institute of Neurological Disorders & Stroke (NINDS)
The NINDS, an agency of the U.S. Federal Government and a component of the National Institutes of Health and the U.S. Public Health Service, is the leading supporter of biomedical research on disorders of the brain and nervous system. Their website has information for patients including factsheets, a directory of health organizations and government agencies; information for clinicians on clinical studies, clinical alerts and advisories; and information for scientists on research funding and training.

National Institutes of Health (NIH)
The NIH Website includes information on the research being conducted at their Institutes. NIH Health Information Index 2000,  http://www.nih.gov/health/InformationIndex/HealthIndex/Pubincov.htm is an A-Z subject guide that provides a direct link to the specific NIH Institute that supports research in a number of  health concerns.
 
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  Members in the News

Ms. Sharon E. Hunt,  LEAF-VN Newsletter Editor, has been appointed editor of Ask NOAH About: Scoliosis.  New York Online Access to Health (NOAH) is a bilingual health information Web site (English and Spanish) which seeks to provide high quality full-text health information for consumers that is accurate, timely, relevant and unbiased. NOAH has won many awards for its its originality, content and design.  Sharon is also the editor of NOAH pages on Parkinsons Disease and Spinal Cord Injuries and Disorders; Head Injuries.

On April 12, Mr. Binh P. Le and Ms. Lien-Huong Fiedlerattended the program "Vietnam and the U.S. After Twenty Five Years of Peace" sponsored by the Forum on Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, in cooperation with the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation, at the Mott House in Washington, D.C.  On April 19, Dr. Hoang Lan thi Nguyen represented LEAF-VN at this program in New York City.  The Forum on Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, with the Asia Society Institute of International Education, sponsored the NY program. Both programs were organized by the Fund for Reconciliation and Development, 475 Riverside Drive, Suite 727, New York, NY, 10115.
 
Vu Van Son has a chapter entitled "Serials Management in Developing Countries: The Case of Vietnam" appearing in the International Yearbook of Library and Information Management 2000 (London: Library Association Publishing), edited by Dr. G E Gorman.

Mr. Vinh-The Lam paper titled: Cataloging Internet Resources: Why, What, How was accepted for publication in the Cataloging & Classification Quarterly.  It will appear in the journal Volume 29, no. 1 (2000).  Mr. Lam presentation at the ASIS Annual Conference held in Washington, D.C., Oct. 31 to Nov. 4, 1999, Organizational and Technical Issues in Providing Access to Electronic Journals was also accepted for publication in the Serials Librarian.  It will appear in the journal Volume 39, no. 3 (2000).  Mr. Lam also presented a paper titled Creation, Organization, and Use of Recorded Information on Overseas Vietnamese Experience at Texas Tech University Vietnam Center Conference on Overseas Vietnamese Experience, held in Lubbock, Texas, Mar. 31 to Apr. 2, 2000.  This paper is accessible at the Vietnam Center Website at:  http://www.lib.ttu.edu/vietnam/Calendar/2000%20Conference/lam2.pdf and http://www.lib.ttu.edu/vietnam/Calendar/2000%20Conference/lam2.pdf.  The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) has just published (Aug. 2000) a Festschrift titled Saving the User Time Through Subject Access Innovation: Papers in Honor of Pauline Atherton Cochrane, which contains a contribution by Vinh-The Lam titled Enhancing Subject Access to Monographs in Online Public Access Catalogs: Table of Contents Added to Bibliographic Records (p. 162-172).  Vinh-The Lam was also elected Convenor for the Serials Interest Group of the Canadian Library Association at its Annual Conference held in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, in June.
 
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Websites of Interest

LEAF-VN is listed in the Annotated Listing 2000, North American Not-for-Profit Organizations Working in Cambodia, Laos, and Viet Nam prepared by the Fund for Reconciliation and Development, New York City, NY.  Go to http://www.usirp.org/directory.html, click on the letter L, and scroll down to the LEAF-VN listing.
 

 
 Editorial Information

The LEAF-VN Newsletter: the newsletter of the Library and Education Assistance Foundation for Vietnam/Bản Tin LEAF-VN: Bản tin của Hội H? Trợ Thư Vi?n và Giáo Dục Vi?t Nam (ISSN 1524-363X ) is published twice a year. It is available online at the organization's homepage at http://www.leaf-vn.org>

Please submit articles and news items to:
     Sharon E. Hunt
    medlibra@yahoo.com

Deadline for submission of articles for Volume 2, Number 2 is December 15, 2000.

Editorial Board:
    Sharon E. Hunt (medlibra@yahoo.com)
    Vinh-The Lam (vinhthe.lam@usask.ca)
    William Anderson (wand@loc.gov)
    Le thi Han (hanle.nguyen@bnpgroup.com)
 
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Last modified: 17 August 2000
Questions? Comments? ờSharon E. Hunt  (medlibra@yahoo.com)